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A N D
For FEBRUARY, 1786.
To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY of LONDON.
genius will hereafter contribute to adorn the HE works ol the only legitimate suc- age cow palling, and women whose accom.
plishments grace the present times, are fre, ww fought after with such avidity, that I quently allemhled, am fenfible you will esteem it an obligation Presenting oft fair Virtue's shining task tu hare the opportunity of extending the In myitic pageantries and moral malk. kunwledge and circulation of a few of them The dramatic entertainments exhibited at beyond the narrow limits to which they have this place, in my opinion, deserve to be resWutherto been confined. The THEATRE at cued from oblivion : I shall therefore probaWYSESTAY, which is one 1 now fend, is bly at a future opportunity give your readers boxever by another hand, but is fo connect. a history of this elegant Theatre, and an ac. ed with the reft, that I think it ought to ac- count of the performances and performers company them.
exbibited in it. I believe the materials I am The hospitality of this ancient family, and . poflelled of are authentic ; but I shall hold the unaffected generosity of the present re- it incumbent upon me to have them confirm. presentative of it, afford the most pleasing ed by good authority, before I venture to picture tu che contemplation of an English- trouble you again (which I mean to do) on man. Here at certain festivals, men whose this subject.
I am, &c.
R. W. The POLITICAL STATE of the NATION and of EUROPE for Feb. 1786. [No. XXIV.) N. our lucubrations for January we had of wonder, does the Minifter mean, by
barely time and room to glance at the paying the national debt at the moment he is Royal Speech, concluding on that subject, throwing infurmountable obttacles in the " that we must leave the minister to develope way ?-Pay the national debt, but spend the tus iecret meaning by his future actions.' We money firkt!!! Incomprehensible are the ed well thus to refer ourselves to the Mini- ways of Ministers! fter's actions, rather than his words, for the For a considerable time little seemed to be explanation of his intentions; otherwise, who doing, late as the session had commenced ; Ecull have so much as suspected that in the but all of a sudden, the Minititi pushed forflowing words, “ and you will, I am per- ward the money business with amazing rapiLaded, be equally ready to make such pro- dity. A valt sum voted in Exchequer-bills; rifina as may be necessary for the public ser- the land-tax and malt-tax bills, and other *c, and particularly for maintaining our money matters proceeded upon with celerity, 5301l Arengib on the most secure and respectable until the Minister met with some interrup***;" was comprehended that valt scheme tion on the score of the above fortifying plan,
laping fortifications upon fortifications which may be productive of very warm and rund our naval arsenals, bred in the peri- interefting debates, more than the Minister Craium of a great officer of ordnance ? a expected, yet not more than may be necefkeme to make our sea coasts in the Channel fary ; so much so, that the protraction of the the great chain of forts, or a general impreg- contest may aitord us an opportunity of going wbie fortress! a scheme pregnant with an im. deeper into the subject than we can with proBericexpence-awar expence, or nearly so, priety at présent. o te midst of what Ministers themselves call A famous orator has a!tacked a great man a time of profound pe ce! a great certain lately returned from an elevated itation in en ene known! a much greater expence the East Indies, in a stile and manner that bids **10n, undefined, and almost indefinite! fair to cake up a great part of the attention of -Again, who would have thought, that both lioules of Parliament for a considerable the above article thus explained by deeds of time. As an appeal is proposed to be mai'e enrous expenditure, would be immedi- to the laws of the land before the highest ately followed by these emphatic words," a- tribunal of the nation, where, if it once arbere all, let me recommend to you the esta- rives, it will, no doubt, meet with firict bluhment of a fixed plan for the reduction impartial justice, we chuse to be filent on of the national debt?"-A Itrange transition, the merits of it; and shall, therefore, leave it fron building castles on the water, to build with this observation, that the accuser ought isg callies in the air!!!-What, in the name to have good grounds for what he has already
published to the world : this we leave him to Foreign Powers seem to stand still at preclucidate in due time and place.
sent, watching attentively the motions of our Our cominertial treaties all seem to stand Parliament : to see whether that body will Still with France, with Germany, and with take any decisive resolution respecting the Ruffia; perhaps waiting for one another's ap- German league, and the conduct of Briprobation and concurrence, that there may be lish and Hanoverian Ministers in that tran. no incongruity or clathing of any of their in- faction. We do not yet see that Parliament terelts in their respective lieaties with us; takes any cognizance of the matter either by for they all seem to hang together, and all to w.y of approbation or censure, or that Mi. bear hard upon poor Old England. Indeed nisters wish to throw the subject into the our shallow policicians here at home afhst way of Parliament. So far as it has been them to make their own terms with us, hy glanced at in Parliament, Ministers have detelling them in our public prmts how much clined the subject; and not one of them dared they have the advantage over us, and how to avow their having taken any active part in much we are dependent on them ; particu- that business, declaring themselves merely larly on the latter of these powers for our passive and unconcerned : how far they will very existence as a naval or maritime power. be justified in that line, the motions of foreign We differ widely from these parricidal falle Powers will probably foon discover. The politicians, and take upon us to atlert, that conduct of Opposition on this score is not the commercial intereft, the naval force, and more commendable ihau that of their envied imperial dominion of the Czarina is as much adversaries : they never opened their mouths dependent on us as any of our interetts are about it last Sellion, though we remonftratdependent on her : and that if the deserts lis, ed nooft ernestly against it so long ago as her belt, firmett, and niott faithful friends, July laft, without any effect either on Minito throw hertelt into the peitidius arms iters or patriots. of France, she will commit an act of politi- The Dutch rulers have been calling their cal suicide, which will, sooner or later, subjects to fet apart a day of fafting and hu. overthrow her great and mighty neuly álo miliation, or of thanksgiving and praise for cu nulated empire, provided Fiance conii. their deliverance from past troubles, we know nues to be what France has hithecito been, not which ; but something like deprecating and Great Britain has not lost all its pubiic threatened impendmg dangers appears upun spirit, martial fire, and true national virrue. the face of their circular letter. The perBut the elucidation of this imperiant lubject formance of their preliminary articles with cannot be gone into here ; it will come in the Emperor sticks hard in their throats, and our way in the course of oir thening the will not easily be digested in their stomachs, radical detecis and contitutional imbecility strong as they are. of the triple or quadruple coulederacy now The Emperor and the French go on hand forming by France, as promiled and begun in hand in ftrengthening their alliance, and in former Magazines, which we liope to per- drawing the Empress of Ruflia, as well as form to the litistaćtion and joy of all found other Powers, into their confederacy. France rational politicians, friends of our belovedinand. is always fure of Spain for one accessary to
Our Ministers have afturded the United any scheme she may bring forward : Spain, States of America a fresh opportunity of in- by submitting to the dominion of the Bourbon sulting the majelly, and trampling linder foot family, has defcended from her pristine dige the dignity of Gieat-Britain,' by sending a nity and rank among nations, and become Cuplul to represent his Majetty among his a mere appendage to the French Monarchy. revolted subjects, who have not yet forned There seems, however, to he a schism breakthemselves into any regula efhcient govern- ing out in the Houle of Bourbon, by the ment, consequently are incapable of making threatened defection of the Court of Napler : any folid con.mercial treaty ; yet have up what that will produce we leave to time 10 start pride and insolence enough to maniteit determine. No doubt the French Court their disdain of the Coniul and his principals; will endeavour to smother it in its birth, and to receive him ruth aprarent reluctalice as a will not be very squeamish as tv live me?" Conful and as no Coniul at the fame time; to be used to such an important ond a keeps not without a severe jarraím upoo Britishing the House of Bourbon united and comMinisters for this their prematue, injudic pact in all its parts. cious, and improper appointment,
Venice ftill perseveres in attacking Tunis, certainly a very iniproper measure to send a or bringing its government to litten to the Coniul to a people whom we were at the dictates of reason. same time excluding from our remaining co- Portugal, impelled by the above spirited lonies and dependencies : leaving every other example, is taid to take the lead in a confeconfideration out of the question, this alone deracy against the Barbary St.lcs: a new pika renders the me »rd.
n m:non in politics.
To the PHILOLOGICAL SỢCIETY OF LONDON. GENTLEMEN, I think it will be admitted, as I believe it and plain men as they were!) who courted
has already been observed by one of your and chose their wives for their modesty, fruCorrespondents, that pictures of life and gality, keeping at home, good housewifery, manners are always amusing and often use. and other economical virtues then in repu. ful. They will serve either to correct the Cation. And when the young damsels were improper habits of the present times, or to taught all these in the country, and their point out the superiority of the age we live parents houses, the portion they brought in over preceding periods. Comparisons was more in virtue than money, and the generally disadvantageous to living modes and was a richer match than one who could have cuftoms, have frequently and at various brought a million, and nothing else to comtimes been made ; and perhaps it may in mend her. The presents which were made some measure promote good humour to when all was concluded, were å ring, a leam, that there has always been a disposi_ necklace of pearl, and perhaps another fair con in mankind to exalt the age which has jewel, the bona paraphernalia of her prupat above that in which we live. The fol. dent mother, whose nuptial kirtle gown lowing description was written in the year and petticoat lasted as many anniversaries as 1590 by John Evelyn, Esq. Author of the happy couple lived together, and u ere at Spiva, and many other excellent works, and last bequeathed with a purse of old gold, is extracted from the Preface to a pam- rose nobles, fpur royals and spankers, as an polet published by him, entitled, “ Mundus heireloom to her grand-daughter. * Maliebris, or, the Lady's Dressing-room “ They had cupboards of ancient useful " mluckd, and her Toilette Spread. In plate, whole chests of damask for the table, * burlesque. Together with the Fop Diction and fore of fine holland sheets (white as the ary, compiled for the use of the Fair Sex.” driven snow) and fragrant of rose and laven.
der for the bed, and the sturdy oaken bed" The refined lady expects her servants and ttead and furniture of the house lafted cae humble admirers should court her in the whole century; the shovel-board and other forms and decencies of making love in long tables both in hall and parlour were as bihon. In order to this you must often fixed as the freehold ; nothing was mova treat her at the play, the park and the mu- able save joint stools, the black-jacks, fila ück ; present her at the raffle ; follow her to ver-tankards and bowls. And though many Tvabridge at the season of drinking of waters, things fell out between the cup and the line though you have no need of them yourself. when Nappy-ale, March-beer, Metheglin, You must improve all occasions of celebrate Malmesey, and Old Sherry got the ascendant og her shape, and how well the mode he. amongst the Blue-couts and Badges, they comes her, though it be ne'er so fantastical sung Old Syvron and Cheviot Chaje, and and ridiculous ; that the fings like an angel; danced Brave Artbur, and were able to draw dances like a goddess; and that you are a bow that made the proud Monsieur trom starmed with her wit and beauty. Above ble at the whizze of the grey.goose feather. all, you must be sure to find some fault or 'Twas then ancient hospitality was kept up imperfection in all other ladies of the town, in town and country, by which the tenarits and to laugh at the Fops like yourself. With were enabled to pay their landlords ac Las a little practice will qualify you for the punctual day ; the poor were relieved bounConrería:ion and mystery of the Ruelle ; and tifully, and charity was as warm as the of the whole morning be spent between the kitchen, where the fire was perpetual. ghts and the comb, that your perruque fit In those happy days, Sure-foot, the grave well an cravat strings be adjusted, as things and steady mare, carried the good Knight o importance ; with these and the like ac- and his courteous Lady behind him to complishments you'll emerge a consummate church, and to visit the neighbourhood, withbeas, anglicè a coxcomb. But the dancing out so many hell carts, rattling coaches and mafter will full be necessary to preserve crew of Damme Lacqueys which a grave your good nuen, and fit you for the winter livery servant or two fupplied, who riù be
fore and made way for his worship. " Thus you fee, young Sparks, how the " Things of use were natural, plain and Mike and method of wooing is quite changed, wholesome; nothing was superfluous; nog * well as the language, since the days of thing necessary wanting; and men of elta: er forefathers (of unbappy memory, fimple Audied the public good, and gave sXmaple Erdor MAC,
of true piety, loyalty, justice, sobriety, cha- wholesome plain diet and kitchen phyfie tity, and the good neighbourhood composed preserved in perfect 'health. In those most differences. Perjury, suboining wit. days the scurvy, spleen, &c. were scarce pelles, alimony, avowed adulterys, and heard of, till foreign drinks and mixtures Misses (publickly owned) were prodigies in were wantonly introduced. Nor were the those days, and laws were reason not craft, young gentlewomen lo universally afflicted when men's cicles were secure, and they with hysterical fits, nor, though extremely served their generation with honour ; left modeft, at all melancholy, or less gay and their patrimonial estates improved to an in good humour; they could touch the Lule hopeful heir, who palling from the Free- and Virginal, fing “ Like to the damalk school to the College, and thence to the Inns rose" and their breath was as sweet as their of Court, acquainting himself with a com- voices. They danced the Canaryi, Spanish petent tincture of the laws of his country, Pavan, and Sillengers Round upon fippels, followed the example of his worthy ances, with as much grace and loveliness as any tors; and if he travelled abroad, it was not Ifaac, Monsicur or Italian of them all can to count steeples, and bring home feather teach with his Fop call, and apish postures. and ribbon, and the fins of other nations, “ To Mew you, then, how the world is al. but to gain such experience as rendered him tered among us, since foreign manners, the useful to his Prince and country upon occa- luxury (more than Afiatick) which was the fion, and confirmed bin in the love of both final ruin of the greatest, wiselt, and most of them above any other.
noble Monarchy upon earth, bas universally « The virgins and young ladies of that golden obtained among us, corrupting ancient fim. age quæfiverunt lunam and linum; put their plicity; and in what extravagant form the hands to the spindle, nor disdained they the young gallant we described is to court the needle; were obsequious and helpful to sex, and make his addresses (whether his their parents ; instructed in the managery expedition be for marriage or mistress); it of the family, and gave presages of making has been thought good by some charitable excellent wives; nor then did they read so hands, that have contributed to this calamany romances, see so many plays and Ingue, to present him with an enumeration smutty farces, fet up for visits, and have of particulars, and computation of the charges their days of audience and idle pastime. Hu. o the adventure, as follows:"neft Gleek Ruff and Honours diverted the la. But the remainder, which contains a poedies at Christmas, and they knew not futical description of a Lady's Dreffing-room, much as the names of Ombre, Comii, and and an explanation of the fathionable words Balet. Their retirements were devout and used for the furniture of it, will I am afraid religious books, and their recreations in the be too long for this Month's Mag:zine. diftillatory, the knowledge of plants and I therefore subscribe myself for the present, their virtues, for the comfort of their poor
Your well-wilher, neighbours, and use of the family, which REMARKS on the DIFFERENT SUCCESS, with RESPECT to HEALTH, of SOME
ATTEMPTS to pass the WINTER in HIGH NORTHERN LATITUDES. By
JOHN AIKIN, M. D. [From the " Memoirs of the LITERARY and PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY of Manchester."]
[Concluded from Page 2 3.] IT
is well enough known among sea-faring It is evident, too, that the failors of Kamt* people, that fresh animal food is service- schatka, who fubfift during fo long a voyage able to fcorbutic perfons ; but whether the on animal food unsalted, muft either preserve constant use of it alone would prevent the it by smoking, freezing, or other similar fcurvy, they have no means of experiencing processes, or must use it in a putrid state. As little can we learn from their experience, To this last, indeed, from the accounts we whether any other mode of preserving ani- have of the usual diet of these people, they mal Melh than that of salting, will keep it in seem not at all aver fe ; though we may firid fu.h a state as to be falubrious food. But it difficult to conceive how the body can be the narrative of the eighe Englishmen seems kept in health by fool absolutely putrefied. to decerthine both these inportant points ; The Laplanders, also, who fubfitt fo entirely for their provifion was all of the animal kind, on animal food without salt, must bave other and the greatest part of it was fcíh killed methods of preserving it for a confiderable feveral months before, and kept from decay- time ; and, indeed, it seems to be the coll. ing, either by the coldness of the climate Itant practice in Ruflia and other northern wwe, or by the cooking it had undergone. regions, for the inhabitants to freeze their