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A N D
For FEBRUARY, 1586.
To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. GENTLEMEN,
genius will hereafter contribute to adorn the 'HE works of the only legitimate suc- age row palling, and women whose accom.
plishments grace the present times, are fre, www fought after with such avidity, that I quently atlemhled, 2m fenfible you will esteem it an obligation Presenting oft fair Virtue's Mining talk to have the opportunity of extending the In myitic pageantries and moral mask. konwlerlge and circulation of a few of them The dramatic entertainments exhibited at beyond the narrow limits to which they have this place, in my opinion, deserve to be resbherto been confined. The THEATRE AC cued from oblivion : I shall therefore probaWYNNSTAY, which is one 1 now fend, is bly at a future opportunity give your readers bowever by another hand, but is so connect. a history of this elegant Theatre, and an ac, ed with the relt, that I think it ought to ac- count of the performances and performers company them.
exhibited in it. I believe the materials I am The hospitality of this ancient family, and posetled of are authentic ; but I shall hold the unaffected generosity of the present re- it incunibent upon me to have them confirmpresentative of it, afford the most pleasing ed by good authority, before I venture to pcture to the contemplation of an English. trouble you again (which I mean to do) on 10. Here at certain festivals, men whose this subject.
I am, &c. R. \. The POLITICAL STATE of the NATION and of EUROPE for Feb. 1786. [No. XXIV.) IN our lucubrations for January we had of wonder, does the Minister mean, by
barely time and room to glance at the paying the national debt at the moment he is Reyal Speech, concluding on that subject, throwing infurmountable ohit:cles in the * that we must leave the minister to develope way ? - Pay the national debt, but spend the los recret meaning by his future actions. We money first !!! Incomprehensible are the ed well thus to refer ourselves to the Miniz ways of Ministers! fizi's actions, rather than his words, for the For a confiderable time little seemed to be explanation of his intentious; otherwise, who doing, late as the session had commenced ; o have so much as suspected that in the but all of a sudden, the Mivitiei pushed forfairwing words, “ and you will, I am per- ward the money business with amazing rapi(ased, be equally ready to make such pro- dity. A vast sum voted in Exchequer-bills; sifon as may be necessary for the public ser- the land-tax and malt-tax bills, and other sce, and particularly for maintaining our money matters proceeded upon with celerity, #37 al forenzob on the most secure and respectable until the Minister met with some interrupfwr," was comprehended that valt scheme tion on the score of the above fortifying plan,
beaping fortifications upon fortifications which may be productive of very warm and And our naval arfenals, bred in the peri- interesting debates, more than the Minister 62 um of a great officer of ordnance ? a expected, yet not more than may be necefkime to make our sea coasts in the Channel tary ; so much fo, that the protraction of the se great chain of forts, or a general impreg- conteft may aituri us an opportunity of going wakie fortress! a scheme pregnant with an im. deeper into the subject than we can with proBericexpence-awar expence, or nearly so, priety at present. Ete midst of what Ministers themselves call A famous orator has attacked a great man a time of profound pe ce! a great certain lately returned from an elevated itation in exerce known! a much greater expence the Eitt Indies, in a stile and manner that bic's 10.0*n, undefined, and almost indefinite! fair to cake up a great part of the allention of -431n, who would have thought, that both loures of Parliament for a confiderable the above article thus explained by deeds of time. As an appeal is proposed to be made eurmous expenditure, would be immedi- to the laws of the land before the bighest ately followed by these emphatic words, “a- tribunal of the nation, where, if it once arbere all, let me recommend to you the esta- rives, it will, no doubt, meet with frict bishment of a fixed plan for the reduction impartial justice, we chuse to be silent on of the national debt?"-A Itrange transition, the merits of it; and thall, therefore, leave it from building castles on the water, to build- with this observation, that the accufer ought isg Carties in the air!!! What, in the name to have good grounds for whiat he has already published to the world : this we leave him to Foreign Powers seem to stand till at preclucidate in due time and place.
sent, watching attentively the motions of our Our cominercial treaties all seem to stand Parliament : to see whether that body will Atill with France, with Germany, and with take any decisive resolution respecting the Ruffia; perhaps waiting for one anviher's ap- German league, and the conduct of Briprobation and concurrence, that there may be tifh and Hanoverian Ministers in that tran. no incongruity or clathing of any of their in- faction. We do not yet see that Parliament teretts in their respective lieaties with us ; lakes any cognizance of the matter either by for they all seem to hang together, and all to w.y of approbation or censure, or that Mibear hard upon poor Old England. Indeed nisters wish to throw the subject into the our shallow policicians beie at home athst way of Parliament. So far as it has been them to make their own terms with us, by glanced at in Parliament, Ministers have detelling them in our public prmts how much clined the subject; and not one of them Jared they have the advantage over us, and how to avow their having taken any active part in much we are dependent on them; particu- that business, declaring themselves merely larly on the latter of these powers for our passive and unconcerned : how far they will very existence as a naval or maritime pou er. be justified in that line, the motions of foreign We differ widely from these parricidal false Powers will probably suon discover. The politicians, and take upon us to allert, that conduct of Opposition on this score is not the commercial intereft, the payal force, and niore commendable ihan that of their envied imperial dominion of the Czarina is as much adversaries : they never opened their mouths dependent on us as any of our interests are about it latt Setlion, though we remonftrat. dependent on her : and that if the deserts lis, ed rooft earnestly against it so long ago as her belt, firmelt, and not faithful friends, July last, without any effect either on Minito throw he fell into the peitidious arms iters or patriots. of France, she will commit an act of politia The Dutch rulers have been calling their cal suicide, which will, sooner or later, subjects to set apart a day of fasting and hu. overthrow her great and mighty neu ly ac- miliation, or of thanksgiving and praise for cu nulated empie, provided Fiance copii. their deliveconce from paft troubles, we know nues to be what France has bitlacito been, not which ; but fumething like deprecating and Great Britain has not lost all in public threatwned impendmg dangers appears upon spirit, martial fire, and true national virtue. the face of their circular letter. The perBut the elucidation of this important lubject formance of their preliminary articles with cannot be gone into here; it will come in the Emperor sticks hard in their throats, and our way in the course of our thening lhe will not easily be digested in their stomachs, radical defecis and contitutional imecility Itrong as they are. of the triple or quadruple confederacy now The Emperor and the French go on hand forming by France, as promiled and begun in hand in Itrengthening their alliance, and in former Magazines, which we lope to per- drawing the Empress of Rullia, as well as form to the holistaction and joy of all found other Powers, into their confederacy. France rational politiciansfriends of our beloved ifand. is always fure of Spain for one accessary to
Our Ministers have afforded the United any fileme me may bring forward : Spain, States of America a fresh opportunity of in- by submitting to the dominion of the Bourbon sulting the majelly, and trampling under foot family, has defcended from her pristine diga the dignity of Gieat Britaini,' by sending a nity and rank among nations, and become Cuplul to represent his Majesty among his a mere appendage to the French Monarchy. revolted subjects, who have not yet tormel There seems, however, to be a schiím breakthemselves no any regulai eficient govern- ing out in the Houle of Bourbon, by the ment, consequently are incapable of making threatened defection of the Court of Naples : any folid conimercial treaty ; yet have up- what that will produce we leave to Lime to start pride and insolence enough to manifest determine. No doubt the French Court their dildain of the Coniul and liis principals; will endeavour to smother it in its birth, and to receive him wuth aprarent reluctalice as a will not be very squeamith as to the means Consul and as no Coniul at the same time; to be uled to such an important end a: keepnot without a fevere farcaím upon British in the House of Bourbon united and comMinisters for this their prematue, injudi. pact in all its parts. cious, and improper appointment.
Venice ftill perseveres in attacking Tunis, certainly a very iniproper measure to send a or bringing its government to listen to the Consul to a people whom we were at the dictates of reason. same time excluding from our remaining Co- Portugal, impelled by the above fpirited lonies and dependencies : leaving every other example, is said to take the lead in a confeconfideration out of the question, this alone deracy against the Barbary St.les: a new shiarenders the meal. rd.
n m:non in politics.
To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. GENTLEMIN, I think it will be admitted, as I believe it and plain men as they were!) who courted
has already been observed by one of your and chose their wives for their modesty, fruCorrespondents, that pictures of life and gality, keeping at home, good housewifery, manners are always amusing and often use. and other economical virtues then in repu. ful. They will serve either to correct the tation. And when the young damsels were improper habits of the present times, or to taught all these in the country, and their point out the superiority of the age we live parents houses, the portion they brought in over preceding periods. Comparisons was more in virtue than money, and the generally disadvantageous to living modes and was a richer match than one who could have cuftoms, have frequently and at various brought a million, and nothing else to comtimes been made; and perhaps it may in mend her. The presents which were made fame measure promote good humour to when all was concluded, were å ring, a lem, that there has always been a disposi- necklace of pearl, and perhaps another fair con in mankind to exalt the age which has jewel, the bona paraphernalia of her pru.. pait above that in which we live. The fol. dent mother, whose nuptial kirtle gown lowing description was written in the year and petticoat lasted as many anniversaries as 1590 by John Evelyn, Esq. Author of the happy couple lived together, and u ere at Sõiva, and many other excellent works, and lait bequeathed with a purse of old gold, is extracted from the Preface to a pam- rose nobles, spur royals and spankers, as an phlet published by him, entitled, “ Mundus heir-loom to her grand-daughter. * Muliebris, or, the Lady's Dressing-room “ They had cupboards of ancient useful * imlock'), and her Toilette Spread. In plate, whole chests of damask for the table, * burlesque. Together with the Fop Diction and store of fine holland sheets (white as the 4 ary, compiled for the use of the Fair Sex.” driven snow) and fragrant of role and laven.
der for the bed, and the sturdy oaken bed« The refined lady expects her servants and itead and furniture of the house lasted cne humble admirers should court her in the whole century; the shovel-board and other forms and decencies of making love in long tables both in hall and parlour were as haihion. In order to this you must often fixed as the freehold ; nothing was mova trat her at the play, the park and the mu- able fave joint stools, the black-jacks, file fick; present her at the raffle ; follow her to ver-tankards and bowls. And though many Tuabndge at the season of drinking of waters, things fell out between the cup and the line though you have no need of them yourself. when Nappy-ale, March-beer, Metheglin, You must improve all occasions of celebrat. Malmesey, and Old Sherry got the ascendant 139 her shape, and how well the mode be- amongst the Blue-coats and Badges, they comes her, though it be ne'er fo fantastical sung Old Symon and Cheviot Chase, and and ridiculous ; that the fings like an angel; danced Brave Artbur, and were able to draw ances like a goddess ; and that you are a bow that made the proud Monsieur trom charmed with her wit and beauty. Above ble at the whizze of the grey.goose feather.. ail, you muft be fure to find some fault or 'Twas then ancient hospitality was kept up imperfection in all other ladies of the town, in town and country, by which the tenants and to laugh at the Fops like yourself. With were enabled to pay their landlords ac as a little practice will qualify you for the punctual day ; the poor were relieved bounConsería:ion and mystery of the Ruelle ; and tifully, and charity was as warm as the É the whole morning be spent between the kitchen, where the fire was perpetual. Date and the comb, that your perruque fit “ In those happy days, Sure-foot, the grave well and cravat strings be adjusted, as things and steady mare, carried the good Kniglio of importance ; with these and the like ace and his courteous Lady behind him to complishments you'll emerge a consummate church, and to visit the neighbourhood, withbear, anglicè a coxcomb. But the dancing out so many hell carts, rattling coaches and mater will stul be necetsary to preserve crew of Damme Lacqueys which a grave your good mien, and fit you for the winter livery servant or two fupplied, who rid bebail.
fore and made way for his worship. " Tous you see, young Sparks, how the “ Things of use were natural, plain and Nik and method of woning is quite changed, wholesome; nothing was fuperfluous; nog as well as the language, since the days of thing necessary wanting ; and men of eltats car forefathers (of unhappy memory fimple studied she public good, and gave exciple Eslar MAC.
of true piety, loyalty, justice, sobriety, cha- wholesome plain diet and kitchen physie tity, and the good neighbourhood composed preserved in perfect health. In thofu most differences. Perjury, suborning wit. days the scurvy, spleen, &c. were karce belles, alimony, avowed adulterys, and heard of, till foreign drinks and mixtures Misses (pablickly owned) were prodigies in were wantonly introduced. Nor were the those days, and laws were reason not craft, young gentlewomen so universally affiliated when men's cicles were secure, and they with hysterical fits, nor, though extremely served their generation with honour ; left modeft, at all melancholy, or less gay and their patrimonial estates improved to an in good humour; they could touch the Lute hopeful heir, who paffing from the Free. and Virginal, sing “ Like to the damak school to the College, and thence to the Inns rose" and their breath was as sweet as their of Court, acquainting himself with a com- voices, They danced the Canarys, Spanish petent tincture of the laws of his country, Pavan, and Sillengers Round upon fippets, followed the example of his worthy ances. with as much grace and loveliness as any tors; and if he travelled abroad, it was not Ifaac, Monsieur or Italian of them all can to count steeples, and bring home feather teach with his Fop call, and apiíh postures. and ribbon, and the sins of other nations, " To Mew you, then, how the world is albut to gain such experience as rendered him tered among us, since foreign manners, the useful to his Prince and country upon occa- luxury (more than Afiatick) which was the fion, and confirmed bin in the love of both final ruin of the greatest, wisest, and most of them above any other.
noble Monarchy opou earth, has universally “ The virgins and young ladies of that golden obtained among us, corrupting ancient fim. age quæfiverunt lunam and linum ; put their plicity; and in what extravagant form the hands to the spindle, nor disdained they the young gallant we delcribed is to court the needle; were obsequious and helpful to sex, and make his addresses (whether his their parents ; instructed in the managery expedition be for marriage or mistress); if of the family, and gave presages of making has been thought good by some charitable excellent wives; nor then did they read so hands, that have contributed to this calamany romances, see so many plays and logue, to present him with an enumeration smutty farces, set up for visits, and have of particulars, and computation of the charges their days of audience and idle pastime. Ho. o the adventure, as follows:"neft Gleek Ruff and Honours diverted the la. But the remainder, which contains a poedies at Christmas, and they knew not so tical description of a Lady's Dreffing-room, much as the names of Ombre, Comit, and and an explanation of the fashionable words Balict. Their retirements were devout and used for the furniture of it, will I am afraid religious books, and their recreations in the be too long for this Month's Mag::zine. diftillatory, the knowledge of plants and I therefore subscribe myself for the present, their virtues, for the comfort of their poor
Your well-wilher, neighbours, and use of the family, which
E. H REMARKS on the DIFFERENT SUCCESS, with RESPECT to HEALTH, of SOME
ATTEMPTS to pass the WINTER in HIGH NORTHERN LATITUDES. By
JOHN AIKIN, M. D. [From the “ Memoirs of the LITERARY and PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY of Manchester."]
[Concluded from Page 2 3.] IT
is well enough known among sea-faring It is evident, too, that the sailors of Kamt
people, chat fresh animal food is service- schatka, who fubfift during so long a voyage able to scorbutic perfous ; but whether the on animal food unsalted, must either preserve constant use of it alone would prevent the it by smoking, freezing, or other similar fcurvy, they have no means of experiencing processes, or must use it in a putrid state. As little can we learn from their experience, To this last, indeed, from the accounts we whether any other mode of preserving ani. have of the usual diet of these people, they mal Aelh than that of salting, will keep it in feem not at all averse ; though we may find fu.h a state as to be falubrious food. But it difficult to conceive how the body can be the narrative of the eighie Englishmen seems kept in health by food absolutely putrefied. to deterthine both these important points ; The Laplanders, also, who subfitt fo entirely for their provision was all of the animal kind, on animal food without salt, must have other and the greatest part of it was ferh killed methods of preserving it for a confiderable feveral months before, and kept from decay time ; and, indeed, it seems to be the con. ing, either by the coldness of the climate Itant practice in Russia and other northern divne, or by the cooking it had undergone. regions, for the inhabitants to freeze their