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RULE 7. Duties of officers.-It will be the duty of the pure food and drug Commissioner to perform each and every act necessary to carry out the purposes of the Colorado narcotic drugs act and of these regulations, to keep all records therein required, and to provide for adequate inspection of all places of business coming within the purview of the law, and to see that all of the requirements of the law and these regulations are strictly observed.
The drug inspectors will make inspections at irregular intervals of the premises of all persons, firms, or corporations engaged in the business of dispensing in any manner any of the narcotic drugs enumerated in the section 1 of the act. They will under the authority of the State board of health, inspect, and if necessary, verify all records, orders, prescriptions, statements, or returns made or received and at once report any violation of the law by them discovered.
Samples of suspected drugs which are held in violation of the law will be collected and forwarded to the laboratory of the State chemist for analysis.
It is hereby declared to be the purpose of this board to enforce the provisions of this act in the letter and the spirit of the law without unnecessary interference with the business of persons engaged in selling or otherwise dispensing the drugs coming within the scope of the act. This purpose must be kept clearly in mind by all employees or officers of this board.
Inspectors will work in conjunction with health officers of the different municipalities and counties of the State, with district attorneys and other peace officers in the various districts of the State, and with the officers of the United States Internal Revenue Department in carrying out the provisions of the Colorado narcotic drugs act.
The food and drug commissioner will report each month in the regular monthly report and at such other times as may be required by this board all things done by the food and drug department in connection with the enforcement of this act.
The right of search and seizure as contemplated in section 17 of the act shall be exercised with the greatest discretion. Except in cases of gravest emergency, inspectors employed by this board, in putting the search and seizure provision into effect, are instructed to proceed only upon search warrant issued by a court of competent jurisdiction, and in no case without the direct authorization of the food and drug commissioner.
RULE 8. Rules of the Federal department adopted.-Each and every ruling heretofore made by the commissioner of internal revenue and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, under the authority of an act of Congress, approved December 17, 1914, and known as the Harrison narcotic law, is hereby adopted and made a part of these regulations in so far as it is applicable by reasonable construction to the State narcotic drugs law. Each and every ruling which may hereafter be promulgated by these officials, in so far as applicable, is declared to be the ruling of the Colorado State Board of Health and in full force and effect as of the date of its adoption.
Places Where Foods, Drugs, or Beverages Are Prepared, Manufactured, or Sold- Construction - Sanitary Regulation - Employees - Protection of Foodstuffs from Contamination. (Reg. Bd. of H., Nov. 8, 1920.)
REG. 51.-Sanitation of foods and drugs.-RULE 1. The floors, side walls, ceilings, furniture, receptacles, implements, and machinery of every establishment or place where foods, drugs, or beverages are manufactured, stored. sold, offered for sale, or distributed, and all cars, trucks, and vehicles used in the transportation of food products, shall at no time be kept in an unclean,
unhealthful, and insanitary condition. For the purpose of this regulation, unclean, unhealthful, and insanitary conditions shall be decreed to exist if foods or drugs in the process of manufacture, preparation, packing, storing, sale, distribution, or transportation are not securely protected from the flies, dust, dirt, and as far as may be necessary, by all reasonable means from all other foreign or injurious contamination; and if the refuse, dirt, and the waste products subject to decomposition and fermentation incident to the manufacture, preparation, packing, storing, selling, distributing, and transporting of food are not removed daily; and if all trucks, trays, boxes, baskets, and all knives, saws, cleavers, and other utensils and machinery used in moving, handling, cutting, chopping, mixing, canning, and all other processes are not thoroughly cleaned daily; and if the clothing or hands of operatives, employees, clerks, or other persons therein are unclean.
RULE 2. The side walls and ceilings of every bakery, confectionery, hotel, and restaurant kitchen shall be well plastered, wainscoted, or ceiled with metal or lumber, and shall be oil-painted or kept well lime-washed; and all interior woodwork in every bakery, confectionery, hotel, and restaurant kitchen shall be kept well oiled or painted with oil paints and be kept washed clean with soap and water. Every building, room, basement, or cellar occupied or used for the preparation, manufacture, packing, storage, sale, or distribution of food susceptible to contamination or damage shall have an impermeable floor made of cement or tile laid in cement, brick, oiled wood, or other suitable material, which can be flushed and washed clean with water.
RULE 3. The doors, windows, and other openings of every food or drug producing or distributing establishment shall be fitted during the fly season with self-closing screen doors and wire window screens not coarser than 12-mesh wire gauze.
RULE 4. Every building, room, basement, or cellar occupied or used for the preparation, manufacture, packing, canning, sale, or distribution of foods, drugs, or beverages, where the process of production, manufacture, packing, canning, selling, or distribution is conducted, shall have convenient toilet room or rooms. The floor of such toilet rooms shall be of cement, tile, oiled wood, brick, or other suitable materials, and shall be washed and scoured daily. Such toilets shall be furnished with ventilating flue or pipe, and with discharge into soil pipes leading from the building in which they are situated. Each toilet room shall be properly ventilated by a window or ventilating flue. Lavatories or wash rooms shall be provided adjacent to toilet rooms, and shall be supplied with soap, running water, and clean towels-excluding roller towels-and shall be maintained in a sanitary condition. Operatives, employees, clerks and all persons who handle the materials from which foods or drugs are prepared, or the finished product, before beginning work or after visiting toilet, shall wash their hands and arms thoroughly in clean water.
RULE 5. Cuspidors for the use of operatives, employees, clerks, or other persons shall be provided whenever necessary, and each cuspidor shall be thoroughly emptied and washed out daily with a disinfectant solution, and about 5 ounces of such a solution shall be left in each cuspidor while it is in use. No operative, employee, or other person shall expectorate on the floor or side walls of any building, room, basement, or cellar where the production, manufacture, packing, storing, preparation, or sale of any food or drug is conducted. RULE. 6. No person or persons shall be allowed to occupy as a sleeping or dwelling place any room used for a bakeshop, kitchen, dining room, confectionery, creamery, cheese factory, or place where food is prepared, served, or sold. RULE 7. No employer shall require or permit any person who is affected with open tuberculosis, venereal or other communicable disease to work; nor
shall any person who has any of these diseases work in a building, room, basement, cellar, or vehicle occupied or used for the production, preparation, manufacture, packing, storage, sale, distribution, or transportation of foods, drugs, or beverages.
RULE 8. Every person or corporation in charge of, or in control of, or in authority over any of the places mentioned by and described in these regulations, shall be responsible for the condition thereof, and it shall be his or its duty to see that the provisions of these regulations with reference to the condition, arrangement, and conduct of such places are carried out.
RULE 9. The sidewalk display of food products is prohibited unless such products are inclosed in a show case or similar device which will protect them from flies, dust, or other contamination. Food products that necessarily have to be peeled, pared, or cooked before they are fit for consumption fay be displayed on the sidewalk without cover: Provided, That in such display the bottom of the container be at least eighteen inches above the surface of the sidewalk. The sidewalk display of meat or meat products is prohibited.
RULE 10. Confectionery, dates, figs, dried fruits, berries, butter, cheese, and bakery products while on sale or display are required to be properly covered to protect them effectively from contamination or damage by flies, dust, or vermin.
Bakeries-Sanitary Regulation-Employees. (Reg. Bd. of H., Nov. 8, 1920.) REG. 52. Bakeshops.-RULE 1. Rooms in which the dough is mixed and the pastry prepared for baking must be well ventilated and lighted. Walls, ceilings, floors, proof boxes, pans, kneading troughs and machines must be kept clean. Toilets and lavatories must not be directly connected with the working rooms, and sewerage pipes must not be led through them.
RULE 2. Before beginning the work and before preparing and mixing the ingredients, the persons engaged in the work must wash their hands and arms thoroughly in clean water. For this purpose sufficient wash basins, together with soap and clean towels, excluding roller towels, must be provided.
RULE 3. Persons having open tuberculosis, venereal, or other communicable disease must not be employed in bakeries.
RULE 4. All windows and doors must be properly screened during the fly
RULE 5. The supply of flour must be stored in dry places, where it is protected from all contamination. Water used to coat the bread must be pure, unpolluted, and provided fresh every day. The bread and pastry must not be laid on the bare floor.
RULE 6. It is strictly forbidden to sit or lie on any of the tables or shelves which are intended for use for the dough or baked articles. Chairs and benches in sufficient number must be provided.
RULE 7. The working rooms must be furnished with cuspidors, at least one in each room, which must be emptied and washed out daily with a disinfectant solution, and about 5 ounces of such a solution shall be left in each cuspidor while it is in use. Spitting on the floor is forbidden. Smoking, snuffing, chewing of tobacco or gum is forbidden in the working rooms while work is in progress or while dough or baked articles are exposed.
RULE 8. The working rooms must not be used for any purpose other than strictly connected with the preparing and baking of foods; especially must they not be used as washing, sleeping, or living rooms.
RULE 9. Domestic animals must not be kept in nor be permitted to enter bakeshops.
RULE 10. All barrels, boxes, tubs, pails, casks, kneading troughs, machines, or other receptacles containing food preparations must be kept covered.
RULE 11. Before bread is taken from the bakeshop each loaf or double loaf should be placed in a suitable paper bag or be securely wrapped with clean glazed paper. The public is warned against using bread which has been taken from the bakeshop unwrapped.
Slaughterhouses and Markets-Sanitary Regulation. Hogs and PoultryFeeding. Meat of Diseased Animals—Sale Prohibited. (Reg. Bd. of H., Nov. 8, 1920.)
REG. 53. Slaughterhouses.-RULE 1. Every person owning, leasing, or occupying any place, room, or building wherein cattle, sheep, swine, or poultry are killed or dressed, or any market, public or private, shall cause such place, room, building, or market to be kept at all times thoroughly cleansed and purified, and all offal, blood, fat, garbage, manure, or other unwholesome or offensive refuse shall be removed therefrom at least once every 24 [hours], if used continuously, or, if only used occasionally, within 24 hours after using, and such building, place, or premises shall have a suitable floor, made of cement or tile laid in cement, brick, or other material, which can be flushed and washed clean with water, and which shall be approved by the State board of health. No cesspool or pit for refuse or offensive matter of any kind shall be permitted in the room, or building; nor shall swine be kept or fed within 150 feet of the slaughterhouse. Doors and windows must be screened to exclude flies and side walls and woodwork must be painted or whitewashed. When all meats and poultry within slaughterhouses are kept in screened rooms or refrigerated rooms, from which all flies are excluded, screen doors and windows may not be necessary.
RULE 2. Slaughterhouses are required to be kept in a sanitary condition, and they are declared to be insanitary when the slaughterhouse is dilapidated and in a state of decay; when the floors or side walls are soaked with decaying blood or other animal matter; when cobwebs or other evidence of filth or neglect are present; when the drainage of the slaughterhouse or yard is not efficient; when filthy pools or hog wallows exist in the slaughterhouse yard or under the slaughterhouse; when storage hides kept in slaughterhouse lie in pools of filth, or are infested with maggots, or give out vile odors; when the water supply used in connection with the cleansing or preparing is not pure and unpolluted; when the bones or refuse are not burned or buried; when carcasses are transported from place to place without being covered with clean, white cloths, or if kept in unclean, bad-smelling ice boxes, refrigerators, or storage rooms.
RULE 3. Hogs and poultry shall not be fed any uncooked slaughterhouse offal or the uncooked flesh of animals.
RULE 4. Sale of meat of diseased animals or poultry or veal of calves less than 4 weeks old is prohibited.
Hotels and Rooming Houses-Sewage Disposal-Towels and Bedding. (Reg. Bd. of H., Nov. 8, 1920.)
REG. 57. Hotels and rooming houses.-RULE 1. Sewers and drainage.—Every hotel and rooming house connected with a cesspool or located in any city or town having a sewerage system shall be well ventilated, drained, and connected according to sanitary principles with such cesspool or sewerage system, and shall be kept free from effluvia arising from sewer, drain, water-closet or
other source within the control of the owner, manager, agent, or other person in charge.
RULE 2. Bedding, sheets, and towels. The proprietor or manager of every hotel and rooming house in this State shall furnish each guest with clean individual towels. All public lavatories and wash rooms of any hotel or rooming house must also be supplied with clean individual towels. All beds, bunks, or cots, to be occupied by guests, must be supplied with clean comforts, pillow slips, and sheets. Sheets must be of sufficient length and width to cover completely the mattresses and springs. Sheets and pillow slips, after being used by one guest, must be washed, ironed, or mangled and dried before being furnished to another. All beds must be kept free from vermin.
RULE 3. Owners, keepers, and managers of hotels and rooming houses must provide fire escapes and fireproof stairways for persons occupying rooms above the second story, as required by law.
Human Excreta-Sanitary Disposal. (Reg. Bd. of H., Nov. 8, 1920.)
REG. 63. The protection of watercourses, water sheds, streams, springs, reservoirs, and water supplies of every sort.-RULE 1. Each town and city health officer where there is no sewerage system should take up immediately with the city or town council the proposition of the installation of a proper sewerage system, and the same should be completed at as early a date as possible.
RULE 2. Pending the installation of such sewerage system, the health officer of each town or city should advise that there be constructed sanitary privies at each and every household, building, store, and every other place where human excreta are discharged, such privy to be constructed in accordance with the plans as herein suggested. These should be constructed and ready for use at as early a date as possible.
RULE 3. Each county health officer, with the cooperation of the county commissioners, is hereby urged to advise that there be constructed in each residence in his respective county a sanitary privy for the use of persons occupying such residence, whether temporary or permanent. These should be constructed at as early a date as possible.
RULE 4. The park department of the city of Denver should either construct or cause to be constructed sanitary privies on all highways or public roads throughout the Mountain Park system controlled by the city; proper signs should be placed in a conspicuous manner designating these as 'public comfort stations." These should be constructed, one for women and one for men, and be so designated. The distance between these stations should not be greater than 10 miles.
RULE 5. All county health officers throughout the State should advise the construction of sanitary privies, one for men and one for women, along all public highways passing through such county or counties, to be designated in the same manner as in paragraph 4.
RULE 6. The health officer of each city or town should see that the excreta from these privies are disposed of as provided for in paragraph 7. The health officer of the city of Denver shall have charge of all privies constructed on public highways controlled by the city, and the county health officers throughout the State shall have charge of the proper disposition of all excreta deposited in privies constructed upon the public highways of each respective county or counties, not provided for in the foregoing paragraphs.
RULE 7. This subject is of so great importance to town and rural sanitation that Doctor Stiles's description and specifications which represent the best solution of the problem yet devised are reprinted, both for single privies for