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appetite for strong drink, they are directed to some good family where they can earn a competent support. From the annual reports of these institutions we learn that signal success has crowned the efforts of the officers and managers. By the kindness of some of the officers we have visited them, and we think they are admirably managed.

No applicant is refused admission who expresses a desire to reform, and the ladies who have charge of them are kind, patient, hopeful and constant in their work.

Publicly and privately we have called the attention of prisoners to these "Homes," and when they have manifested a desire to reform, we have given them their choice, always notifying the proper officer, that some one may meet them on their return to the city. With these helps to a better life, the fallen, when they leave this Island, can elude the machinations of their old associates, and gain the salutary influence of the good and virtuous.

We call particular attention to these Charitable Institutions, because we believe that the chief object of punishment in penal institutions should be moral reformation. To expect us to accomplish this great work during a sentence of thirty days, or even six months, would be equivalent to expecting us to work miracles. We endeavor to sow the seed of truth, hoping that, at some future day, by proper culture, it will spring up and yield abundant fruit. If only "now and then one is saved," it is worth all the labor we can possibly bestow.

It affords me great pleasure to add that you, as superintendent of these institutions, together with the Board of Directors, have granted every facility asked for in the accomplishment of this great work.

The juvenile offenders in the House of Reformation are a more hopeful class, because their evil habits are not so firmly fixed. Moral and intellectual education is one of the surest means of reforming this class of offenders. Boys and girls, especially truants, under sixteen years of age, should be kept in school if we would make them useful members of society. This course has been pursued by the Board for several years, and we think it is the best. The question has not been, how can we make the most money out of them, but what can we do to elevate and save them. Those who are committed during minority, if they are studious and obedient, are pardoned at a suitable age, and returned to their parents, or put out to learn some trade. Under this provision any boy can rise to posts of honor and usefuluess, if he will improve the advantages granted him. If necessary, we could cite cases which would prove the wisdom of this arrangement.

The libraries have diminished a little in the aggregate, although about a hundred and fifty volumes have been purchased and added to the Industry department. The books are distributed as follows:

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473 vols.

Almshouse
House of Industry
House of Reformation

180

677

1,330

Accept my sincere acknowledgments for the assistance you have always rendered me in the discharge of my official duties. Very respectfully yours, J. W. DADMUN,

Chaplain. DEER ISLAND, April 30, 1872.

REPORT OF THE RESIDENT PHYSICIAN.

1

To Guy C. UNDERWOOD, Esq., Superintendent of Deer Island

Institutions :

SIR, — The Annual Report of the Hospital Department of the Institutions under your charge is herewith respectfully presented :

ALMSHOUSE.

41

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Patients remaining in Almshouse Hospital, May
1, 1871,

Admitted :
Males

202
Females

111

313

354

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43

Largest number in hospital at any one time
Smallest number in hospital at any one time
Daily average number in hospital

18

31

DISEASES IN ALMSHOUSE.

Intemperance, 44; consumption, 32; ophthalmia, 39; syphilis, 21; delirium tremens, 23; pneumonia, 13; diarrhea, 19; paralysis, 12; old age, and insane, each 8; debility, 9; ulcers, 7; rheumatism, 11; erysipelas, 6; parturition, abscess, dyspepsia and febricula, each 5; fracture, asthma, neuralgia, chicken-pox, heart disease and skin disease, each 4; sprain, dentition, epilepsy, cholera-morbus, incised wound and scrofula, each 3; typhoid fever, hemorrhage, gangrene and burn, each 2; peritonitis, concussion of brain (fatal), pleurisy, scarlatina, anæmia, hysteria, measles, orchitis, cholera infantum, gun-shot wound, dysentery, stricture of urethra, apoplexy, marasmus, dysuria, colic, chorea, hepatitis, dislocation of shoulder, softening of brain, disease of spine, cancer, hemorrhoids and meningitis, each 1. 41

DEATHS AND THEIR CAUSES.

Consumption, 13; pneumonia, 5; old age, disease of heart and chronic diarrhea, each 4; paralysis and gangrene, each 2; peritonitis, chronic bronchitis, syphilis, inanition, meningitis and concussion of brain, each 1. Males, 16; females, 24; under 1 year of age, 2; between 1 and 10, 1; between 10 and 20,1; between 20 and 30,9; between 30 and 40,8; between 40 and 50, 5; between 50 and 60, 4; between 60 and 70, 4; between 70 and 80, 6. There have been 5 births, one of which was still-born.

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HOUSE OF INDUSTRY.

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Patients remaining in this hospital, May 1, 1871,

Admitted :Males

384

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Largest number in hospital at any one time
Smallest number in hospital at any one time
Daily average number in hospital .

19

29

DISEASES IN HOUSE OF INDUSTRY.

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Intemperance, 383; diarrhoea, 60; rheumatism, 59; contusions, 46; delirium tremens, 43; syphilis, 41; debility, 36; consumption, 33; cholera-morbus, 31; ulcers, 29; insane, 23; bronchitis, 21; hysteria, 20; pneumonia, 19; erysipelas, 18; febricula, 17; abscess, 15; dyspepsia, menorrhagia, asthma and neuralgia, each :14; fracture and colic, each 13; disease of heart and epilepsy, each 12 ; scalp-wound and skin-disease, each 11; sprain and cold, each 10; tonsillitis, 9; anæmia, incised wound, ophthalmia and dysentery, each 8; chicken-pox and burn, each 7; varioloid, 5; pleurisy and old age, each 4; hemorrhoids, teething, synovitis, laryngitis, hernia, hemorrhage and dysmenorrhea, each 3; Bright's disease, emphysema, aneurism, congestion of lungs, pleurodynia, otorrhea, parturition, incontinence of urine, felon and paraphymosis, each 2; hepatitis, paralysis, peritonitis, stricture of urethra, lacerated wound of eye, exophthalmia, orchitis, fistula in ano, dysuria, typhoid fever, carbuncle, necrosis, prolapsus ani, opium-eating, miscarriage, hair-pin in urethra (removed by perineal section), frost-bite and hydrocele, each 1.

DEATHS AND THEIR CAUSES.

Delirium tremens, consumption and pneumonia, each 2; chronic diarrhoea, disease of heart, hereditary syphilis (infant), apoplexy, old age and drowned, each 1. Males, 10; females, 2; under 1 year of age, 1; between 1 and 10, 1; between 20 and 30, 2; between 30 and 40, 2; between 40 and 50, 3; between 50 and 60, 1; between 60 and 70, 1; between 70 and 80, 1. There have been but 2 births in this department.

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